Learn Mongolian: Free Language Course & Worksheets
While English is not the official language in Mongolia, more and more people are opting to study English due to increased tourism and investment…
A lot of people tend to have the misconception that Mongolians speak Chinese or Russian, however, the official language in Mongolia is Mongolian and…
Short answer is yes, Mongolians in Mongolia (or Outer Mongolia as some may incorrectly refer to) learn the traditional script in middle school. However,…
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yyzCR_3c7eE&feature=youtu.be A lot of people say Mongolian sounds like a mix of different languages. From something resembling Welsh to Korean, Mongolian is often mistaken…
There are many theories as to the roots of the Mongolian language. A common theory was the Altaic language group, however recent research is…
The Misconception About The Writing System in Mongolia Most people who are not aware of Mongolian culture would assume the writing system in Mongolia…
Origins of Mongolian Language
The Mongolian language puzzles a lot of linguists because the root of the language is still unclear to this day. There are many theories, one of the popular ones being the Altaic language family theory, but it still is hotly debated and some researchers even disprove that theory.
Though we all can agree that the Mongolian language does share a lot of similarities with Central Asian and Western Asian languages, especially some of the pronunciations, vocabulary, and grammar structures, the Mongolian language is mostly regarded as a language with its own roots and uniqueness.
You may also think Mongolian may seem similar to Russian or sometimes Mandarin Chinese, but besides using the Cyrillic alphabet and some loan words that sound similar, Mongolian is completely different from both those languages.
Check out my official language website for more.
How Many People Speak Mongolian?
People who speak Mongolian are mainly centered around Central Asia, and Northeast Asia. In total there aren’t more than 10 million people who speak Mongolian and its dialects and sub languages.
While the number of speakers are small, it’s still a growing language and will likely increase in the future. There are about 3 million ethnic Mongolians in Mongolia and 5 million or so ethnic Mongolians in Inner-Mongolia, China.
North and Northeast Asian ethnicities such as Burayt, Tuvan, Yakut, etc still speak and learn their local dialect, so Mongolian language is not a dying language.
Who Should Learn Mongolian?
The Mongolian language is not easy to learn and is uniquely different from most of the major languages, so getting the pronunciation correctly can be a major difficulty, however anyone can learn the language with practice and dedication.
If you are a language enthusiast, historian, or travelling to Mongolia in the near future, I implore you to learn the language. It not only will make it easier to communicate with the locals, but it will help you get the best out of your experience and gain a deeper understanding of the Mongolian culture.
What Makes Mongolian A Difficult Langauge?
If you are mainly familiar with Latin derived or Eastern Asian languages, then Mongolian will be completely foreign to you since you won’t have the base or the necessary foundation. Essentially you are starting from scratch and in a sense learning to walk.
What makes Mongolian for most people is the pronunciation of certain gutteral words and the harsh breathy tones. Most people are not familiar with those sounds and don’t know how to move their tongue and mouth.
The grammar and conjugation aspect of Mongolian is fairly easy since there are no masculine or feminine rules and past, present, and future tense conjugations are very straighforward.
You will most likely spend a lot of time practicing your listening skills, because certain words sound almost exactly like each and also almost written exactly like one another but mean completely different things.
Understanding some of the pronunciation subtleties is the hardest part when it comes to learning Mongolian.
What Are Some Good Resources to Learn the Language?
You can always refer to my youtube channel and my eBook for resource. Otherwise, there are a few textbooks on Amazon.
The steps for learning Mongolian are as follows:
- Learn the alphabet and the pronciations
- Understand the basic conjugation principles
- Learn to count and state numbers
- Practice basic listenting exercises
- Memorize basic verbs and nouns
- Learn intermediate past, present, future tenses
- Practice practice practice 🙂