Difference between Chi & Ta: When you want to say “You” to someone, make sure it’s appropriate. They both mean you, but Chi is used when talking to someone of your own age, Ta is used when talking to someone who’s older, has higher social status, or if you just want to be polite.

Introducing yourself:

You’ll notice that gedeg (гэдэг) is often used. It just means “is” There are formal and informal ways of introducing yourself and others to people. Formal is most often used when you are presenting yourself in a serious manner or when addressing a crowd, informal is used in other occasions.

Informal

I am Orgil – Be Orgil (Би Оргил)

You are Orgil – Chi/ta bol Orgil (Чи/та бол Оргил)

S/He is Orgil – Ter bol Orgil (Тэр бол Оргил)

We are Orgil – Bid bol Orgil (Бид бол Оргил)

They are Orgil – Ted bol Orgil (Тэд бол Оргил)

Formal

My name is Orgil – Namaig Orgil gedeg (Намайг Оргил гэдэг)

Your name is Orgil – Chamaig/taniig Orgil gedeg (Чамайг/таныг Оргил гэдэг)

His name is Orgil – Teriig Orgil gedeg (Тэднийг Оргил гэдэг)

Our name is Orgil – Bidniig Orgil gedeg (Биднийг Оргил гэдэг)

Their name is Orgil – Tedniig Orgil gedeg (Тэднийг Оргил гэдэг)



Introducing Your Age:

You can say it in two ways. Formal literally means, I have X numbers of age. Informal literally means I have X age. Formal version can be used in informal situations just fine, but most often it is used when giving presentations to a crowd of people. Unless you are addressing a crowd, you should just use the informal version.

Formal

I am 24 years old – Be horin durvun nastai (Би хорин дөрвөн настай)

You are 24 years old – Chi/ta horin durvun nastai (Чи/та хорин дөрвөн настай)

S/He is 24 years old – Ter horin durvun nastai (Тэр хорин дөрвөн настай)

We are 24 years old – Bid horin durvun nastai (Бид хорин дөрвөн настай)

They are 24 years old – Ted horin durvun nastai (Тэд хорин дөрвөн настай)

Informal

I am 24 – Be horin duruvtei (Би хорин дөрөвтэй)

You are 24 – Chi/ta horin duruvtei (Чи/та хорин дөрөвтэй)

S/He is 24 – Ter horin duruvtei (Тэр хорин дөрөвтэй)

We are 24 – Bid horin duruvtei (Бид хорин дөрөвтэй)

They are 24Ted horing duruvtei (Тэд хорин дөрөвтэй)

Asking People’s Names:

When asking someone’s name, it’s best to use the formal version. Informal way of asking is mostly used when you are confused or somewhat angry.

Informal

Who am I? – Bi hen be? (Би хэн бэ?)

Who are you? Chi/ta Hen be? (Чи/та хэн бэ?)

Who is s/he? – Ter hen be? (Тэр хэн бэ?)

Who are we? – Bid hen be? (Бид хэн бэ?)

Who are they? – Ted hen be? (Тэд хэн бэ?)

Formal

What is my name? Namaig hen gedeg ve? (Намайг хэн гэдэг вэ?)

What is your name? – Chamaig/taneeg  hen gedeg ve? (Чамайг/таныг хэн гэдэг вэ?)

What is his/her name? – Terniig hen gedeg ve? (Тэрнийг хэн гэдэг вэ?)

What is our name? – Bidniig hen gedeg ve? (Биднийг хэн гэдэг вэ?)

What is their names? Tedniig hen gedeg ve? (Тэднийг хэн гэдэг вэ?)

Asking People’s Age:

Formal is often used when you are talking to strangers or when you are genuinely curious about someone’s age. Informal is used to ask someone’s age without making a big deal out of it in a social setting.

Formal

How much age do I have? Bi heden nastai ve? (Би хэдэн настай вэ?)

How much age do you have? Chi/ta heden nastai ve? (Чи/та хэдэн настай вэ?)

How much age does s/he have? Ter heden nastai ve? (Тэр хэдэн настай вэ?)

How much age do we have? Bid heden nastai ve? (Бид хэдэн настай вэ?)

How much age do they have? Ted heden nastai ve? (Тэд нар хэдэн настай вэ?)

Informal

How old am I? Bi hedtei ve? (Би хэдтэй вэ?)

How old are you? Chi/ta hedtei ve? (Чи/та хэдтэй вэ?)

How old is s/he? Ter hedtei ve? (Тэр хэдтэй вэ?)

How old are we? Bid hedtei ve? (Бид хэдтэй вэ?)

How old are they? Ted hedtei ve? (Тэд хэдтэй вэ?)

Next Lesson: Simple Mongolian Phrases

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