The Basics of Mongolian

Before you learn to speak Mongolian, you need to understand the fundamentals of the language. Basic introductions of yourself and of others. If you have not learned the alphabet, you can learn it here.

To Be Conjugations

I: Би (pronounced be)

You: Чи (pronounced chi)

He/She: Тэр (pronounced terr)

Us: Бид (pronounced bid)

Them: Тэд (pronounced ted)

Introductions

Намайг Оргил гэдэг – Namaig Orgil gedeg

It means: I am Orgil

Миний нэр Оргил – Mini ner Orgil

It means: My name is Orgil

Би бол багш – Be bol bagsh

It means; I am a teacher

Counting in Mongolian

  • 1 – Нэг (Neg)
  • 2 – Хоёр (Hoyor)
  • 3 – Гурав (Gurav)
  • 4 – Дөрөв (Duruv)
  • 5 – Тав (Tav)
  • 6 – Зургаа (Zurgaa)
  • 7 – Долоо (Doloo)
  • 8 – Найм (Naim)
  • 9 – Ес (Yus)
  • 10 – Арав (Arav)
  • 11 – Арван Нэг (Arvan neg)
  • 12 – Арван Хоёр (Arvan hoyor)
  • 13 – Арван Гурав (Arvan gurav)
  • 14 – Арван Дөрөв (Arvan duruv)
  • 15 – Арван Тав (Arvan tav)
  • 16 – Арван Зургаа (Arvan zurgaa)
  • 17 – Арван Долоо (Arvan dolo)
  • 18 – Арван Найм (Arvan naim)
  • 19 – Арван Ес (Arvan naim)
  • 20 – Хорь (Hori)

The principle is the same, once you pass ten, you just add an “enn” sound after followed by the last digit number name. For example: Horin neg (21), Guchin neg (31), Duchin neg (41), Tavin neg (51), etc.

  • 30 – Гуч (Guch)
  • 40 – Дөч (Dooch)
  • 50 – Тавь (Tavi)
  • 60 – Жар (Jar)
  • 70 – Дал (Dal)
  • 80 – Ная (Naya)
  • 90 – Ер (Yur)
  • 100 – Зуу (Zu)